Whilst this section aims to give an overview of the SS concentration camp system, it is important to note that not all camps had the same, or similar, practices. Elie Cohen, a doctor, was in Westerbork for 8 months before being sent to Auschwitz. Kamp Westerbork: Westerbork Concentration Camp~ last stop on Dutch soil for transports before death camps - See 526 traveler reviews, 711 candid photos, and great deals for Hooghalen, The Netherlands, at Tripadvisor. There was a school ( only for the "orphans", i.e. During World War II, the Nazis took over the camp and turned it into a deportation camp… [circular reference] The published interview in Dutch and English became the basis for a docudrama created in September 2019. For other uses, see, Location of Westerbork within Netherlands, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Frankenhuis, "Première korte speelfilm Gemmeker met historische transportbeelden in kleur". People would be transported to the concentration camps by freight cars, cattle cars, or passenger trains. Typescript report into conditions at Westerbork concentration camp entitled 'Kollektive Arbeit einer Widerstandsgruppe'; also correspondence between members of Wiener Library staff and Professor David Cohen regarding the reliability of the report as a historical document, including a short paper on the subject, 1944-1959. Millions of people suffered and died or were killed. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. In early April 1945, as Allied troops approached the camp, the Germans abandoned Westerbork.  Almost all of the 94,643 persons deported to Auschwitz and Sobibor in German-occupied Poland were killed upon arrival. Just a Normal Day in the Camps. The first train arrived on July 15th and left the camp on July 16th with 1,135 of the first selected Jews. The Westerbork camp was situated in the northeastern part of the Netherlands in the Dutch province of Drenthe, near the towns of Westerbork and Assen. Westerbork was completely disassembled in the 1960s by the Dutch government. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC, Holocaust Survivors and Victims Resource Center. From July 1942 to September 1944, 93 trains deported more than 107.000 people from Camp Westerbork to concentration camps in the German Reich. Unlike other transit camps, Westerbork maintained a relatively small semi-permanent population who remained in the camp for a considerable time, ran their own affairs and maintained a near-normal life, especially in the periods when there were no deportations. The camp of Westerbork was situated about 15 km from the village of Westerbork.  Within the confines of the camp, German SS commanders were in charge of inmates, but squads of Jewish police and security were used to keep order and aid in transport, as noted above. Only one-half square kilometer (119 acres) in area, the camp was not built for the purpose of industrial murder as were Nazi extermination camps.  Cultural activities provided by the Nazis for designated deportees included metalwork, jobs in health services, and other cultural activities. Camps could be run by local collaborators in the countries that they were based, such as Drancy, near Paris in France, which was run by the … Inmates of more than 30 nationalities were imprisoned in this camp. Some people who had collaborated with French, Algerian, and Dutch militaries were evacuated, because they were the subject of anger by the other indigenous people who had resisted colonization and felt betrayed at the Moluccan peoples siding with their colonizers. There was a school ( only for the "orphans", i.e. A Jewish police unit kept order and assisted with the transports.  Only one-half square kilometer (119 acres) in area, the camp was not built for the purpose of industrial murder as were Nazi extermination camps. Conditions at the camp; 5. , Jacques Schol, a Dutchman, was commander of the camp from July 16 1940 and until January 1943. Westerbork became officially a "transit camp" (Durchgangslager Westerbork). Whilst never pleasant, conditions in the camp were far more bearable than in the transit camps of eastern Europe, although the water supply was bad, and washing and sanitary facilities were inadequate. The hierarchic structure of the concentration camps followed the model established in Dachau. The ordeal would begin as soon as they stepped onto the car. Facilities were poor and overcrowding was common. Camp Westerbork (Dutch: Kamp Westerbork, German: Durchgangslager Westerbork) was a transit camp in Drenthe province, northeastern Netherlands, during World War II. Between 1933 and 1945, Nazi Germany and its allies established more than 44,000 camps and other incarceration sites (including ghettos). The Dutch government established the camp in 1939 to intern Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany who had entered the Netherlands illegally.  A special, separate work cadre of 2,000 “permanent” Jewish inmates was used as a camp labor force. concentration camps in western europe were mainly transit camps. The main barracks were situated on a tract of heath and marshland near the small village of Westerbork. The film draws on several sources, including black-and-white still images from various archives, excerpts from older black-and-white films from French, Soviet, and Polish newsreels, footage shot by detainees of the Westerbork internment camp in the Netherlands, or by the Allies' "clean-up" operations, plus new color and black-and-white footage filmed at concentration camps in 1955. Another similarity between camp Westerbork and other concentration camps was the strict censorship applicable to letters and postcards that were sent by the prisoners. The album belonged to Karl Höcker, the adjutant to the final camp commandant at Auschwitz, Richard Baer. Presser also published a novel, The Night of the Girondins, which was set in Westerbork. These concentration camps became the center for torture of Jews and other ‘undesirables’ who were treated in the most inhuman way, that was possible. Unlike most of the concentration camps within Germany not all of the transit camps were run by the SS. 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